Consumo de azúcar añadido en la población urbana costarricense: estudio latinoamericano de nutrición y salud ELANS-Costa Rica

Autores/as

  • Georgina Gómez Salas Universidad de Costa Rica
  • Dayana Quesada Quesada Universidad de Costa Rica
  • Anne Chinnock Universidad de Costa Rica
  • Agatha Nogueira Previdelli Universidad Sao Judas Tadeu
  • Grupo ELANS

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51481/amc.v61i3.1038

Palabras clave:

azúcares, consumo de alimentos, obesidad, Costa Rica, bebidas gaseosas

Resumen

Objetivo: el objetivo del estudio fue analizar el consumo de azúcares añadidos por la población urbana costarricense y los factores asociados a este.

Método: estudio transversal donde se analizan los datos de 798 participantes del Estudio ELANSCosta Rica, que constituyen una muestra representativa de la población urbana costarricense, (con edades entre 15 y 65 años). Para conocer el consumo de azúcares añadidos, se realizan dos recordatorios de 24 horas, en días no consecutivos. Se recolectan variables sociodemográficas, cantidad, lugar y momento del consumo.

Resultados: el consumo de azúcares añadidos representa el 14,7% de la energía consumida por la población urbana costarricense, siendo este porcentaje mayor en las mujeres y en las personas más jóvenes. La mayor cantidad de azúcares añadidos se consume en el hogar y durante las meriendas. Las bebidas azucaradas constituyen la principal fuente de azúcares añadidos en la dieta costarricense, y las bebidas gaseosas son la fuente más importante en el quintil de mayor consumo.

Conclusión: la ingesta de energía obtenida de los azúcares añadidos supera la recomendación máxima establecida por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, por lo tanto, es necesario establecer políticas públicas dirigidas a reducir su consumo y a la modificación de conductas asociadas a la preparación e ingesta de alimentos fuente de azúcares añadidos.

 

 

Citas

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Publicado

2019-08-29 — Actualizado el 2019-08-29

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Cómo citar

Salas, G. G., Quesada, D. Q., Chinnock, A., Previdelli, A. N., & ELANS, G. (2019). Consumo de azúcar añadido en la población urbana costarricense: estudio latinoamericano de nutrición y salud ELANS-Costa Rica. Acta Médica Costarricense , 61(3), 111-118. https://doi.org/10.51481/amc.v61i3.1038

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